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國立台北科技大學圖書館館藏展政策

                                                    民98.06修訂

 

壹、前言

依據本校教育目標,採規畫性的發展具科技與人文並重的特色館藏,本館除積極蒐集在教學與研究上所需圖書與資訊,並透過系統化管理與適切、適時的服務,期能有效配合學校各項課程並有效支援教學與研究上之重要需求。

因此此本館館藏發展政策,即著重於以系統方法選購適當館藏,合理分配經費以購置館藏,確立館藏資料能有效、精要地徵集與淘汰,維持館藏資料的時效與完整性,未來積極參與國內館際合作組織,暢通館藏互借機制,藉以建立本館館藏特色。

 

貳、圖書館現況

一、圖書館沿革

 本校創立於民國元年,為台灣地區開辦最早、歷史最久之工業學府。圖書館現址位於校區中心,總建坪共計6,500平方公尺。

  內設中西文書庫、期刊資料區、參考資料區、光碟與網路資料庫區、閱報區、視聽室、教師研究室、閱覽室、參考諮詢服務台及流通櫃臺等。館內自動化系統於民國八十八年十一月起啟用Horizon系統。

  現置館長一人,綜理館務,下設讀者服務、技術服務、與資訊三組。目前館內員額計有組長三人,館員等十三人,分別擔任採訪、編目、典藏、流通、期刊、視聽、參考、資訊等業務。

二、圖書館之任務

本館館藏發展之主要任務如下:

(一) 支援教學活動及研究計劃。

(二) 培養學生閱讀及利用資訊的素養。

(三) 建立具學術價值的館藏特色。
(四) 提供便捷與豐富e 化學習資源。

(五) 開放社區民眾使用館藏資源,服務全民終身學習所需。

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CONSPECTUS COLLECTION DEPTH INDICATOR DEFINITIONS

 

0 Out of Scope. 範圍之外

Library does not intentionally collect materials in any format for this subject.

圖書館不會特意用任何形式來收集這個學科的資料。

 

1 Minimal Information Level 最低的收藏水準

Collections that support minimal inquiries about this subject and include:

關於能支持、探究這主題最低程度的收藏並包括︰

- A very limited collection of general materials, including monographs and reference works.  非常少的普通館藏,包括專題著作、參考服務。

- Periodicals directly dealing with this topic and in-depth electronic information resources are not collected.

與主題相關的期刊將被完整的處理而有深度的電子資源將不被使用。

 

The collection should be frequently and systematically reviewed for currency of Information. Superseded editions and titles containing outdated information should be withdrawn. Classic or standard retrospective materials may be retained.

收藏在傳播資訊方面應該被頻繁並有系統重新探討。 替代些過時應該被收回的版本和標題。 回顧那些優秀或當作標準可以被保留的資料。

 

2 Basic Information Level 基本的收藏水準

Collections that serve to introduce and define a subject, to indicate the varieties of information available elsewhere, and to support the needs of general library users through the first two years of college instruction include:

館藏解釋一個主題關於服務與定義,並介紹許多其他可用資訊,支持讀者的需要,包括受過兩年大學教育的一般讀者學習:

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APPENDIX 1  WLN/OCLC  CONSPECTUS DIVISIONS

附錄一 西部圖書館網(Western Library Network)和線上圖書館目錄 (Online Computer Library Catalog) 中各種學科的代表簡稱。

 

Division 各種學科

Prefix LC

國會圖書館分類法中代表此學科的字首字母

Prefix Dewey

杜威分類法中代表此學科的字首字母

AGRICULTURE

AGR'

AGD

ANTHROPOLOGY

ANT

AND

ART & ARCHITECTURE

ART

ARD

BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES 

BIO

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E. Collection evaluation methods評定館藏的方法

The techniques and processes used to gather data for collection assessment are briefly described below. The data ideally describe in a succinct fashion the strength and depth of existing collections and provide a basis on which to assign collection levels.

Some techniques are essential and should be used consistently, while others are valuable under certain circumstances and not always necessary. It is up to the individual conducting the evaluation to select the methods, which will be used for each segment of the collection. This decision is based upon the availability of data, the amount of staff and other support available, and the goal for the final outcome (how it will be used in the library/institution). The techniques available for evaluating collections may be divided into two groups: those that are primarily collection-centered and those that are client-centered. Collection-centered techniques examine the content and characteristics of the information resources in order to determine the size, age, scope and depth of the collection in comparison to an external standard. Client-centered techniques describe how the collection is used and indicate the effectiveness of the collection relative to use. Collection assessment is likely to be most accurate and produce the most useful results when combinations of client-centered and collection-centered techniques, including both quantitative and qualitative results are employed in the data gathering and description process.

 

技術和處理之下常常產生數據來給館藏評鑑做簡短地描述。簡明數據描述現有館藏的收藏強度和深度,提供一個基礎在那收藏上可以評定其水準。

有些技術是應該被一貫使用的,而其它在某種情況下雖然是有價值但不是必要的。這將用於收集的每部分由個人評估選擇方法並決定。這個決定基於數據的可用性、人員的數量、其他可提供的支持和最後的結果(將如何被圖書館/ 機構使用)的目標。可提供館藏評價的技術可能被分成兩組︰集中收藏館藏的技術和以讀者為中心的技術。

集中收藏館藏的技術檢查訊息資源的內容和特性,與一個外部標準相比確定收集的尺寸,年齡,機會和深度。以讀者為中心的技術被描述如何使用館藏和表明相對於使用館藏的效力。當結合讀者為中心和集中館藏的技術收集評價可能更準確並產生有用的結果,包括定量和性質上結果被用於收集數據和描述的過程。

 

 

- Quantitative Measures 定量標準

Quantitative measures reveal size, age, use, costs and other numeric data. Examples of quantitative measures include inventory, or shelf list measures to determine actual title or volume counts, by segment or subject area. Median age or similar measures indicate the currency of the materials. Amount expended for acquisitions in a segment or subject area per year illustrates the ongoing commitment to develop that area. Percentage of titles owned by a library when compared to a standard list shows the breadth and depth of the collection. Use statistics (including internal library use and ILL) are both collection and client-centered.

 

定量標準顯示尺寸、年代、使用情況、費用和其他數值的數據。例如包括館藏清單或確定實際書本或卷數,以部分或學科的領域。中間的年代或相似的措施表明資料的流通時間。每年在部分或學科的領域裡為獲得而用掉的數量,說明進行中承諾發展那領域的部分或學科。一座圖書館擁有館藏的百分比,當與一個標準表相比時,顯示館藏的廣度和深度,。以讀者為中心使用統計(包括圖書館內部使用和館際互借) 的收藏。

 

 

- Qualitative Measures 性質上措施

Qualitative measures are obtained through subjective evaluation and involve the professional judgment of librarians, appraisal from subject experts, or the opinion of customers. These techniques include impressions of the condition, character and appropriateness of a section of the collection. Another qualitative technique is the judgment made by comparison of one subject in the collection to a similar subject in another library, or to a subject bibliography.

 

性質上措施獲得主觀的評估和圖書館員的專業判斷、來自各學科專家的評價或者讀者的意見。 這些技術包括對收藏狀態性格的印象和選擇適合的館藏。 另一種性質上的方法是對照別的圖書館中相似學科或書目的收藏過程來比較做判斷。

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COLLECTION DEVELOPMENT POLICY ELEMENTS

 

A. Introduction  導言

The main reason to write a collection development policy is to prevent the library from being driven by events or by individual enthusiasms  and from purchasing a random set of resources, which may not support the mission of the library. Besides, electronic resources are becoming increasingly important to libraries of all types and sizes, and are consuming an ever-increasing share of library budgets. Therefore, selection decisions concerning electronic information resources should also be made within an explicit  collection development policy. This might be a separate policy or an integrated  one. The first elements of a collection development policy will be a mission statement of the library, the purpose of this policy and the audience to whom it is addressed . It should also include brief statements about the community or user group(s); description of the types of programs the library collection serves; the size (including number of periodicals , monographic  volumes, electronic resources, languages represented) of the collection; a detailed budgetary overview  of the money the library will spend on the different types of information resources; and any formal or informal cooperative agreements that affect the collection policy or practices.

 

寫館藏發展政策的主要原因是為了保護圖書館被迫在事件上或因個人熱情,而胡亂的購買資料,而這資料無法成為一個能支持圖書館的館藏。此外,電子資源在 所有館藏中的類型和規模正逐漸的增加,對圖書館它變得越來越重要,而且它也佔據越來越多的圖書館預算。因此,決定在選擇電子資源方面也應該作出明確的館藏發展政策。綜合整個政策之一的功能,這能將不需要的館藏隔離。館藏發展政策中的第一要素是一個聲明使命其的圖書館,這政策的目的是讓館員和讀者都能依此去處理,它也應對社會或眾多讀者有簡短的發言;描述各種類型圖書館的藏書服務、規模(包括一些期刊、專題性叢書、電子資源、語言派別分類)的收藏工作;詳細記錄圖書館將總預算資金花費在哪些不同類型的資源上;和任何正式或非正式的館際合作,對於館藏政策或做法有何影響。

 

 

B. General Statements

Here will be listed characteristics  that determine the direction of the development of the collection such as: current focus only or also retrospective  acquisitions ; the resource types (monographs, periodicals, theses, gray literature, maps, etc.); languages; formats (printed, nonprint or electronic); special sources of funding (a grant or gift from a donor); the policy regarding gifts and any special policies regarding maintenance (weeding, discarding, preservation) of the collection; and size of the collections. Other statements can be about how complaints are handled ; if there is an equivalent  to the "Library Bill of Rights"; about other relevant  policies; what limitations  exist - what subjects or areas are intentionally not collected etc.

 

在這裡將列出特點,確定館藏發展方向,如:當前或追溯收購以前的資料、資源類型(專著,期刊,論文,灰色文獻,地圖等)、語言、格式(印刷、非印刷或電子版)、特殊的經費來源(補助或捐助者的饋贈)、各種館藏政策中對修補館藏(淘汰、丟棄、保存)的收藏工作內容和收藏的規模。如果有一個相當於"圖書館權利法案"的說明對其他相關館藏政策可以來投訴並說明如何處理其他問題,如:收集館藏時,存在什麼樣的限制和哪些科目或領域是不收集的等。

 

C. Narrative Statements 敘事性聲明

Each institution, including its community and other constituents , is unique. Therefore, its policy statements will be unique. The policy statements should reflect this particular library and the community it serves.

 

  • Statements should be made of special subject or format collections that represent unique materials and for which special guidelines apply, and which formats are excluded.
  • The scope of coverage should be described (languages collected or excluded; geographical areas covered and/or specific areas excluded; chronologicalperiods covered by the collection in terms of intellectual content and in terms of publication dates and specific periods excluded).
  • Subjects should be described in terms of the library's classification scheme and subject descriptors.
  • Library unit or selector responsible for the collection(s).
  • Other categories of useful local information, such as interdisciplinary relationships;

consortial relationships; policies for acquiring access to information.

  • Other factors of local importance.

 

  每個機構,包含社會和其他部分,都是獨一無二的。因此,政策聲明也是獨一無二的。該政策聲明應反映特有的圖書館和其社區服務。

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GUIDELINES FOR A COLLECTION DEVELOPMENT POLICY

USING THE CONSPECTUS MODEL

概觀模式的館藏發展政策指南

International Federation of Library Associations and Institutions

Section on Acquisition and Collection Development

2001

Foreword 前言

This booklet is a brief guide on how to write a collection development policy, making use of the Conspectus methodology. It is the result of the recognition by the IFLA Acquisition and Collection Development Section that its worldwide members lacked a handy introduction to this important subject. The guide is intended to be of particular value to staff new to collection development and in areas where there is little written tradition of collection development. We hope that it will be of practical use to librarians setting out on the sometimes daunting task of writing a collection development policy.

The booklet was written by Dora Biblarz with the assistance of other members of the A&CD Standing Committee: Marie-Joelle Tarin, Jim Vickery and Trix Bakker. The text is also available, in both English and French, on the IFLA website at http://www.ifla.org/VII/s14.

 

此本小冊子簡短地說明如何用概論方法來撰寫館藏發展政策。認識國際圖書館聯盟(以下簡稱「國際圖聯」)選擇及徵集單位,其全球成員缺乏一個方便的入門書討論這個重要問題。指南的目的對館員具有特殊價值,以發展新的館藏發展政策和一些幾乎沒有書面撰寫的館藏發展政策的地區。我們希望這將成為實際在設置館藏發展政策上遇到困難時有所幫助。 這本小冊子是在Dora Biblarz和其他在A&CD常設委員會成員:Marie-Joelle Tarin、Jim Vickery及Trix Bakker的協助下完成的。這篇文章在國際圖聯的網站http://www.ifla.org/VII/s14可以得到英文版和法文版。

 

Standing Committee of the IFLA Acquisition and Collection Development Section

March 2001

IFLA在2001年3月的館藏發展常務會議 

 

Contents 目錄

    Why a written collection development policy?                              1

    為什麼要書面的館藏發展政策?

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Diversity in Collection Development

An Interpretation of the Library Bill of Rights

 

館藏發展多樣性 圖書館權利法案內容的相關性

 

Collection development should reflect the philosophy inherent in Article II of the Library Bill of Rights: “Libraries should provide materials and information presenting all points of view on current and historical issues. Materials should not be proscribed or removed because of partisan or doctrinal disapproval. ”Library collections must represent the diversity of people and ideas in our society. There are many complex facets to any issue, and many contexts in which issues may be expressed, discussed, or interpreted. Librarians have an obligation to select and support access to materials and resources on all subjects that meet, as closely as possible, the needs, interests, and abilities of all persons in the

community the library serves.

 

    館藏發展應反映固有哲學的第二條圖書館人權法案: 圖書館應提供相關資料和資訊介紹對當前和歷史問題的所有觀點。資料不應該因為黨派或理論不贊同,而被禁止或刪除。 圖書館的館藏必須表現出社會中民眾思想的多樣性。任何問題都有複雜的方面,並且在許多情況背景下這些問題可能會被表示、討論或解釋。圖書館有責任選擇和支持使用所有學科相關的資料和資訊,圖書館服務盡可能滿足社會中所有人的需要、興趣和能力。

 

 

    Librarians have a professional responsibility to be inclusive , not exclusive, in collection development and in the provision of interlibrary loan. Access to all materials and resources legally obtainable should be assured to the user, and policies should not unjustly exclude materials and resources even if they are offensive to the librarian or the user. This includes materials and resources that reflect a diversity of political, economic, religious, social, minority , and sexual issues. A balanced collection reflects a diversity of materials and resources, not an equality of numbers.

 

    圖書館員要有專業的責任在館藏發展和館際互借中,去包容所有知識議題,而不是排他性的。所有使用的館藏資料,必須確定其是否合法?使用者和政策不應該排除這些資料,即使這些資料對於館員和使用者是有冒犯的。這些資料包括各種不同的政治,經濟,宗教,社會,少數民族,和性的問題。館藏均衡發展是反映多種資料的搜集,而不是平等的數量。

 

 

     Collection development responsibilities include selecting materials and resources in different formats  produced by independent, small and local producers as well as information resources from major producers and distributors. Materials and resources should represent the languages commonly used in the library’s service community and should include formats that meet the needs of users with disabilities . Collection development and the selection of materials and resources should be done according to professional standards and established selection and review procedures. Librarians may seek to increase user awareness of materials and resources on various social concerns by many means, including, but not limited to, issuing lists of resources, arranging exhibits, and presenting programs.

 

    館藏發展的職責包括選擇各種不同格式的資料和資源,這可以藉由獨立、小型和當地出版商,以及主要出版商和經銷商來蒐集。 社會中圖書館的服務應使用當地常用的語言資料和資源,並努力滿足讀者與殘疾人士的需要。 館藏發展的資料、資源選擇,應按照專業標準和既定的甄選和審查程序來實行。 館員可能藉由許多方法,包括:發放清單,安排展覽,並提出企劃,來增加讀者對於資料和資源、各種社會問題的認識,但不僅限於這些方法。

 

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